ielts writing tips

Achieving a high score in IELTS Writing requires not only a strong command of the English language but also a clear understanding of the assessment criteria and great IELTS preparation. One of the key areas where you can significantly improve your performance is “Coherence and Cohesion.” In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the importance of coherence and cohesion in IELTS Writing, both in Task 1 and Task 2, and discuss how Study Unifees can help you enhance these critical aspects of your writing with the great IELTS preparation available at Study Unifees.

Coherence and Cohesion in IELTS Writing

Coherence and cohesion refer to the logical organization of your ideas and the smooth flow of your writing. It’s about how well your essay holds together and how easily the reader can follow your line of reasoning. Let’s break down these factors in IELTS Academic Writing.

Organisation in IELTS Writing Task 1

In IELTS Academic Task 1, you are typically presented with visual information, such as graphs, charts, tables, or diagrams. Your primary task is to report and describe the key features and make comparisons where relevant.

Organizing Your Response

When approaching Task 1, it’s essential to follow a clear structure. Your response should have an introduction, an overview, and several paragraphs dedicated to the key features. Here’s how you should organize it:

1.     Introduction: Start by paraphrasing the information provided in the visual data. This is the first step in creating coherence, as it connects your introduction to the main content of your essay. Use synonyms and rephrase the main ideas.

2.     Overview: After the introduction, provide a general overview of the main trends, differences, or key points that are evident in the data. This step helps your reader grasp the main focus of your essay and sets the stage for the detailed descriptions in the following paragraphs.

3.     Body Paragraphs: Each body paragraph should address a single feature or aspect of the visual data. Begin with a topic sentence that introduces the specific point you will discuss. Then, provide detailed explanations, supporting evidence, and comparisons if necessary.

By adhering to this structure, you create a coherent and organized response in IELTS Academic Task 1.

Coherence and Cohesion in IELTS Writing

In both Task 1 and Task 2 of IELTS Academic Writing, coherence and cohesion are vital components that can significantly impact your score. Here’s a detailed breakdown of what you need to focus on while doing your IELTS preparation for writing:

Coherence: The Flow of Ideas

Coherence refers to the logical flow of ideas within your essay. It’s about how well your ideas are connected and how smoothly your essay progresses. To improve coherence, consider the following:

1.     Logical Progression: Your essay should have a clear and logical structure. Each paragraph should follow naturally from the previous one, and your ideas should be presented in a logical sequence.

2.     Paragraphs: Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the main point or idea. Then, support that point with evidence, examples, or explanations. This helps your reader follow your argument and ensures a smooth transition between paragraphs.

3.     Linking Words and Phrases: Use transitional words and phrases to connect ideas within and between sentences and paragraphs. Words like “therefore,” “however,” “in addition,” and “on the other hand” help guide your reader through your essay and highlight relationships between ideas.

4.     Parallel Structure: Maintain consistency in your sentence structure. If you start a sentence with a certain structure (e.g., “To improve your writing,”), use the same structure throughout the essay for similar ideas to enhance coherence.

Cohesion: The Connection of Ideas in IELTS Writing

Cohesion is about the effective use of language to connect ideas and create a seamless reading experience and this is an important part of IELTS preparation. It involves using language devices and techniques to ensure that your writing flows naturally:

1.     Pronouns: Use pronouns (e.g., “it,” “they,” “this”) to refer back to previously mentioned ideas or concepts. This prevents unnecessary repetition and enhances cohesion.

2.     Lexical Cohesion: Reuse and repeat key vocabulary and expressions throughout your essay. This reinforces the central theme and helps connect ideas.

3.     Reference Words: Use reference words, such as “this,” “these,” or “those,” to point to specific elements in your essay. This clarifies which idea or concept you are discussing and reinforces the connections between your points.

4.     Conjunctions: Employ conjunctions (e.g., “and,” “but,” “while,” “although”) to link ideas within sentences. These words provide a natural flow and establish relationships between clauses and phrases.

How Study Unifees Can Help You Improve Coherence and Cohesion in IEKTS Writing

Study Unifees offers comprehensive IELTS preparation classes that focus on enhancing your coherence and cohesion skills in both Task 1 and Task 2 of IELTS Academic Writing. Here’s how our expert instructors can assist you:

1.     Structured Approach: Our classes provide a structured approach to IELTS Academic Writing. You’ll learn how to organize your essays effectively, ensuring a logical progression of ideas.

2.     Clear Guidance: We offer clear guidance on creating well-structured paragraphs and using topic sentences to introduce key points.

3.     Linking Devices: You’ll discover various linking words and phrases that can improve the coherence and cohesion of your essays.

4.     Practice and Feedback: Our classes include ample practice opportunities and detailed feedback from instructors. This allows you to apply what you’ve learned and receive guidance on areas that need improvement.

5.     Individualized Attention: We understand that every student has unique needs. Our instructors provide individualized attention to address your specific challenges and help you make significant progress.

By enrolling in our IELTS preparation classes, you’ll gain the skills and strategies necessary to enhance your coherence and cohesion in IELTS Academic Writing.


In IELTS Writing, coherence and cohesion are crucial elements that contribute to the overall quality of your essays. A well-organized and smoothly flowing essay not only impresses the examiner but also ensures that your ideas are communicated effectively.

To master these aspects, consider joining the IELTS Writing classes at Study Unifees. Our experienced instructors will guide you in improving your coherence and cohesion, helping you achieve the best possible score in your IELTS Academic Writing tasks.

Don’t miss this opportunity to enhance your writing skills and succeed in your IELTS journey. Join Study Unifees and take a step closer to your IELTS goals.